ANATOMI DAUN PIPERACEAE DARI KAWASAN GUNUNG SLAMET, JAWA TENGAH

Eka Fatmawati Tihurua, Inggit Puji Astuti, Joko Ridho Witono Viewed 2220 times, Downloaded 785 times

Abstract


Leaf anatomy of Piperaceae from Gunung Slamet, Central Java has made with standard  paraffin and paradermal method. The results showed that Piperaceae has dorsiventral leaf, hypostomatatic or amphistomatatic, tetracytic and cyclocytic stomata type. Hypoderm tissue exist in upper and/or lower part of leaf, mesophyll was arranged by 1-2 layers of palisade and 2-7 layers of sponge tissue. There were 3 types of trichome i.e. glandular trichome which had globose cell with short stalk, bicellular glandular trichome and multicellular & uniseriate non-glandular trichome. The shape of the crystal of Piperaceae from gunung Slamet are sand, needle, drusse or prismatic which distributed in hypodermis, mesophyll and midrib. Piperaceae petiole was arranged by open or sometimes closed circle vascular bundles. These open vascular bundles were crescent shape or resemble to U and V shapes. 


Keywords


Piperaceae; leaf anatomy; Gunung Slamet; Central Java

References


Albiero, A.L.M., A.A.S. Paoli, L.A. d. Souza and K.S.M. Mourão. 2005. Morfoanatomia dos órgãos vegetativos de Piper crassinervium H.B. & K. (Piperaceae). Acta Botanica Brassilica 19(2): 305-312. Logo_TM.png

Astuti, I.P., E.F. Tihurua dan S. Budiharta. 2011. Keanekaragaman Jenis dan Ekologi Sirih-sirihan Liar Anggota Suku Piperaceae di Kawasan Hutan Lindung BKPH Gunung Slamet Barat dan BKPH Moga. Prosiding Seminar ”Konservasi Tumbuhan Tropika: Kondisi Terkini dan Tantangan ke Depan” UPT Balai Konservasi Tumbuhan Cibodas. Pp 205-211.

Backer, C.A. dan Bakhuizen V.d. Brink Jr. 1963. Flora of Java. Volume I. N.V.P. Noordhoff-Groningen-The Netherlands. Pp167 – 174.

Cutler, D.F. 1978. Applied Plant Anatomy. Longman. London and New York.

Gajurel, P. R., P. Rethy, Y. Kunmar, and B. Singh. 2008. Piper Species (Piperaceae) of North-East India (Arunachal Pradesh). Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh. India. Pp 122-124.

Huber, H. 1987. Piperaceae. In Dassanayake M.D. dan F.R. Fosberg. A Revised handbook to the Flora of Ceylon.Amerind Publishing Co.Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. Pp 272 – 300.

Koorders, S.H. 1924. Exkursions flora Von Java. Jena. Verlag Von Gustav Fischer. Pp 432-455.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. The Plant Book. A Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants. Cambridge University Press. Pp 540; 560.

Metcalfe C.R. and L. Chalk. 1950. Anatomy of The Dicotyledons : Leaves, Stem and Wood in relation to Taxonomy with Notes on Economic Uses. Volume II. Oxford at Clarendon Press, England. Pp 1120-1122.

Purnomo dan R. Asmarayani. 2005. Hubungan Kekerabatan Antar Species Piper Berdasarkan Sifat Morfologi dan Minyak Atsiri Daun di Yogyakarta. Biodiversitas 6 (1): 12 – 16. Logo_TM.png

Sass, J.E. 1951. Botanical Microtechnique. 2nd edition. The Iowa State College Press. Iowa. USA.

Smith, A.C. 1981. Flora Vitiensis Nova: A New Flora of Fiji (Spermatophytes Only). Volume 2. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii. Pp 56-97.

Souza, L.A., I.S. Moscheta and J.H.G. Oliveira. 2004. Comparative Morphology and Anatomy of The Leaf and Stem of Peperomia dahlstedtii C.DC., Ottonia martiana Miq. and Piper diospyrifolium Kunth (Piperaceae). Gayana Botánica. 61(1): 6-17. Logo_TM.png

Takemori, N.K., C. Bona, Y. Alquini. 2003. Anatomia Comparada Das Folhas De Espécies De Peperomia (Piperaceae)-I.ontogênese Do Tecido Aqüífero E Dos Estômatos. Acta Botanica Brassilica 17(3): 387-394. Logo_TM.png

Tawan, C.S., I.B. Ipor, B.A. Fashihuddin and H. Sani. 2002. A Brief Account on the Wild Piper (Piperaceae) of the Crocker Range, Sabah. Asian Review of Biodiversity and Environmental Conservation (ARBEC). Juli – September 2002. Pp 1–11.

Yuncker, T.G. and W. D. Gray. 1934. Anatomy of Hawaiian Peperomias. Bernice P.Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 10 (20): 1-19.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/bkr.v14i2.9

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.