PETA SEBARAN POPULASI Amorphophallus titanum (Becc.) Becc. ex Arcang DI LAMPUNG, SUMATERA: UPAYA MENUJU PROPOSAL KE IUCN Red Data List DAN KONSERVASI Ex Situ

Esti Munawaroh, Yuzammi Yuzammi Viewed 74 times, Downloaded 948 times

Abstract


Amorphophallus titanum (Becc.) Becc. ex. Arcang belongs to Araceae family. The genus Amorphophallus consists of 220 species which is distributed in tropical and subtropical countries worldwide. About 26 species have been recorded in Indonesia or 11.6 % of the total Amorphophallus in the world. Sumatera Island has the highest endemic Amorphophallus species, encompasses 11 species, of which seven species are endemic, such as A. titanum. The presence of A. titanum in its natural habitat has been alarmed. The lowland forests of Sumatera have been widely converted into agricultural and housing, thus may affect the rate of extinction of A. titanum in nature. The aim of this study is to provide the distribution map of A titanum in Lampung. Several sites in national parks, protected forests and community forests were observed for the research. This research was carried out from 2011 to 2016 using explorative method. The results showed that less than 10 mature individuals of A. titanum were found in each location. This indicates that this species is vulnerable, or even leading to extinction in future if not immediately protected. The result of this research will proposed for reassessing the conservation status of A. titanum. All specimens of A. titanum collected from the forests are cultivated in Liwa Botanic Garden and Bogor Botanic Garden as an ex situ conservation action for the species.


Keywords


Amorphophallus titanum, distribution mapping, ex situ conservation, IUCN Red List, Lampung

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonim. 2013. Hutan lindung. http://stikom kelompok2.wordpress.com/2013/03/07/hutan-lindung-2/ (diakses 19 November 2016).

APPGIS. 2017. Peta Kawasan Hutan Lampung. https://appgis.blogspot.co.id/2017/05/peta-kawasan-hutan-lampung_5.html. (diakses 19 Mei 2017).

Bachri, S. 2017. Pelaksanaan kebijakan perhutanan sosial di Provinsi Lampung. Disampaikan pada diskusi kebijakan perhutanan sosial, Manggala Wanabhakti, Jakarta

Boyce, P. & S.Y. Wong. 2015. Compedium genera Aracearum Malesianum. Aroideana 38: 40–177.

Butler, R.A. 2012. Rainforests decline sharply in Sumatra, but rate of deforestation slows. https://news.mongabay.com/2012/08/rainforests-decline-sharply-in-sumatra-but-rate-of-deforestation-slows/. (diakses 19 November 2016).

BPS (Badan Pusat Statistik) Provinsi Lampung. 2014. Luas kawasan hutan menurut fungsinya Provinsi Lampung. https:// lampung.bps.go.id/linkTableDinamis/view/id/69. (diakses 18 November 2016).

Direktorat Inventarisasi dan Pemantauan Sumber Daya Hutan. 2017. Peta penutupan lahan Indonesia. Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan.http://webgis.menlhk.go.id:8080/pl/pl. htm. (diakses 10 Januari 2017).

Ghazaldi, A. 2017. Kemen LHK: Masalah Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan perambahan dan perburuan. RRI News Portal. LPP Radio Republik Indonesia. http://www.rri.co.id /post/berita/381299/nasional/kemen_lhk_masalah_taman_nasional_bukit_barisan_selatan_perambahan_dan_perburuan_liar.html. (diakses 06 Januari 2017).

Hetterscheid, W.L.A. & S. Ittenbach. 1996. Everything you always wanted to know about Amorphophallus, but were afraid to stick your nose into!!!!! Aroideana 19:7–131.

Hidayat, S. & Yuzammi. 2008. Kajian populasi bunga bangkai (Amorphophallus titanum (Becc.) Becc. ex Arcang: Studi kasus di kawasan hutan Bengkulu. Buletin Kebun Raya 11 (1): 9–15.

IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List categories and ctriteria: version 3.1. Second edition. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN. Iv + 32pp.

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan. 2017. Rekalkulasi penutupan lahan tahun 2015. Direktorat Inventarisasi dan Pemantauan Sumber Daya Hutan, Direktorat Jendral Planologi Kehutanan dan Tata Lingkunga. KLHK.

Lambang, A. 2014. Alih fungsi hutan Lampung: Kerusakan hutan. http://ilmuandinformasi-.blogspot.co.id/2014/06/alih-fungsi-hutan-lampung.html. (diakses, 19 November 2016).

Loucks, C. & T. Whitten. 2015. Southern Asia: Island of Sumatra in Indonesia.

https://www.worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/im0158. (diakses 13 November 2016).

Margono, B.A., S. Turubanova, I. Zhuravleva, P. Potapov, A. Tyukavina, A. Baccini, S. Goetz & M.C. Hansen. 2012. Mapping and monitoring deforestation and forest degradation in Sumatra (Indonesia) using Landsat time series data sets from 1990 to 2010. Environmental Research Letters 7034010: 1-16 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/3/034010

Sriyanto, A., D. Suganda, E. Widjanarti, D. Sutaryono, A. Hermawan & G. Suharyanto (eds.). 2003. Buku panduan 41 taman nasional di Indonesia. Departemen Kehutan Republik Indonesia, UNESCO Jakarta dan CIFOR Bogor.

Walter, K. S. & H.J. Gillett. 1997. IUCN. Red List of Threatened Plant.

TFCA Sumatera. 2016. Bukit Barisan Selatan. http://tfcasumatera.org/bukit-barisan-selatan/. (diakses 20 November 2016).

TNBBS. 2016. Reforestasi menuju pemulihan ekosistem Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan. https://programs.wcs.org/btnbbs/ BeritaTerbaru/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/9182/Reforestasi-menuju-Pemulihan-Ekosistem-Taman-Nasional-Bukit-Barisan-Selatan.aspx. (diakses 06 November 2016).

Yuzammi, J.R. Witono & W. Hetterscheid. 2014. Conservation status of Amorphophallus discophorus Backer & Alderw. (Araceae) in Jawa, Indonesia. Journal of Reindwartia 14(1): 27–33.

Yuzammi, S. Mursidawati, D. Asikin, Sugiarti. H. Gunawan, A. Nugroho & U.M. Rahmat. 2015. Strategi dan Rencana Aksi Konservasi Bunga Bangkai (Amorphophallus titanium (Becc.) Becc. ex. Arcang), 2015–2025. Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan.

Yuzammi, A. Kurniawan, N.P.S. Asih, I. Erlinawati & W. Hetterscheid. 2017. The Amorphophallus of Indonesia. Centre for Plant Conservation-Botanic Gardens, LIPI.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/bkr.v20i2.421

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Buletin Kebun Raya

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexing Partners


    agora-journals.fao.org INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ORGANIZED RESEARCH (I2OR)ROAD DIRECTORYPKP INDEX
 
Jurnal Buletin Kebun Raya

Diterbitkan oleh (published by):
Pusat Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya (Center For Plant Conservation Botanic Gardens)
Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (The Indonesian Institute of Sciences)
Alamat (address) : Pusat Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya-LIPI Jl. Ir. H. Juanda 13, Bogor 16003
Telepon (Phone) : (0251) 8322187
Email : buletin.pktkr.lipi@gmail.com
Website : http://krbogor.lipi.go.id

pISSN: 0125-961X

eISSN: 2460-1519