KANDUNGAN KARBON DI HUTAN RAWA GAMBUT KAWASAN KONSERVASI PT NATIONAL SAGO PRIMA, KEPULAUAN MERANTI, RIAU

Yusi Rosalina, Kuswata Kartawinata, Nisyawati Nisyawati, Erwin Nurdin, Jatna Supriatna Viewed 1854 times, Downloaded 460 times

Abstract


This study was conducted to collect information regarding carbon storage, particularly the carbon stored in the aboveground biomass as well as in the peat soil. The study site was in a conservation area of the PT National Sago Prima belonging to the PT Sampoerna Agro Tbk. Group. The work was undertaken in January-February 2012. The total aboveground biomass and carbon storage in the research site indicates  that the conservation area is a secondary peat swamp forest, with the biomass of 149.18 ton/ha and carbon stock of 70.12 ton C/ha. The aboveground biomass and carbon consisted of biomass and carbon of tree (83.97 ton/ha containing 39.47 ton C/ha, respectively), saplings (20.69 ton/ha containing 9.72 ton C/ha) and seedlings and undergrowth plants (0.03 ton/ha containing 0.01 ton C/ha), wood  necromass (24.06 ton/ha containing 11.31 ton C/ha), and litter (20.44 ton/ha containing 9.61 ton C/ha). An allometric equation was developed for Pandanus atrocarpus Griff. providing an estimated total biomass and carbon of 5.16 ton/ha containing 2.42 ton C/ha. The underground C with the mean peat depth of 5.5 m, mean bulk density of  0.18 g/cm3, and the mean organic C of 46.6 % was 464.895,94 ton C/ha. In the entire conservation forest area of 541 ha the total aboveground biomassa and carbon storage was estimated to be  80,708.64 ton and 37,934.00 ton C, while the total underground carbon was 238,96 million MT C.

Keywords


alometric equation; biomass; carbon stock; Pandanus atrocarpus; peat swamp

References


Agus, F. 2009. Panduan metode pengukuran karbon tersimpan di lahan gambut (guidelines for measuring carbon stock in peatland). Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian Bogor dan World Agroforestry Centre, SEA, Bogor.

Agus, F. & I.G. M. Subiksa. 2008. Lahan gambut: potensi untuk pertanian dan aspek lingkungan. Balai Penelitian Tanah dan World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Bogor.

Anderson, J.A.R. 1964. The structure and development of the peat swamps of Sarawak and Brunei. Journal of Tropical Geography 18: 7-16.

Anwar, J., S.J. Damanik, N. Hisyam & A.J.Whitten. 1984. Ekologi ekosistem Sumatra. Terj. dari Ecology of Sumatra. Gajah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.

Batubara, S.F. 2009. Pendugaan cadangan karbon dan emisi gas rumah kaca pada tanah gambut di hutan dan semak belukar yang telah didrainase. Tesis, Sekolah Pasca Sarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Brown, S. 1997. Estimating biomass and biomass change of tropical forest, a primer. FAO Forestry Paper 134, Rome.

Brown, S. 2002. Measuring, monitoring, and verification of carbon benefits for forest-based project. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (360): 1669-1683. 10.1098/rsta.2002.1026Logo_TM.png

Brown, S. & A.E. Lugo. 1992. Aboveground biomass estimates for tropical moist forests of the Brazilian Amazon. Interciencia 17 (1): 8-18.

Chave J., R. Condit, S. Aguilar, A. Hernandez, S. Lao, and R. Perez. 2004. Error propagation and scalling for tropical forest biomass estimates. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Ser. B: Biol. Sci.(359): 409-420. 10.1098/rstb.2003.1425Logo_TM.png

Chave J., C. Andalo, S. Brown, M.A. Cairns, J.Q. Chambers, D. Eamus, H. Folster, F. Fromard, N. Higuchi, T. Kira, J.P. Lescure, B.W. Nelson, H Ogawa, H. Puig, B. Riera, T. Yamakura. 2005. Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests. Oecologia 145 (1): 87-99. 10.1007/s00442-005-0100-xLogo_TM.png

Driessen, P. M. & L. Rochimah. 1976. The physical properties of low land peats from Kalimantan. In: Proc. of a Seminar on Peat and Podsolic Soils and Their Potential for Agriculture in Indonesia, Tugu, October1976. Soil Res. Inst., Bogor: 56-73.

Elias, N.J.Wistara, M. Dewi, & H. Purwitasari. 2010. Model persamaan massa karbon akar pohon dan root-shoot massa karbon. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika XVI(3): 113-117.

Gibbs, H.K., S. Brown, J.O. Niles, & J.A. Foley. 2007. Monitoring and estimating tropical forest carbon stock: making REDD a reality. Environmental Research Letters 2:1-13. 10.1088/1748-9326/2/4/045023Logo_TM.png

Hairiah, K., A. Ekadinata, R.R. Sari & S. Rahayu. 2011. Pengukuran cadangan karbon dari tingkat lahan ke bentang lahan, petunjuk praktis, edisi kedua. World Agroforestry Centre, ICRAF SEA Regional office, University of Brawijaya, Malang.

Helmi, N., K. Kartawinata & I. Samsoedin. 2009. An undiscribed lowland natural forest at Bodogol, The Gunung Pangrango National Park, Cibodas Biosphere Reserve, West Java, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 13 (1): 33-44.

Hiratsuka, M. T. Toma, R. Diana, D. Hardiyanto, & Y. Morikawa. 2006. Biomass recovery of naturally regenerated vegetation after 1998 forest fire in East Kalimantan. JARQ 40 (3): 277-282. 10.6090/jarq.40.277Logo_TM.png

Hooijer, A., M. Silvius, H. Worsten & S. Page. 2006. Peat CO2, assessment of CO2 emission from drained peatlands in South East Asia. Delft Hydraulics Report Q3943.

Hooijer, A., S. Page, J.G. Canadell, M. Silvius, J. Kwadijk, H. Wosten & J. Jauhiainen. 2010. Current and future CO2 emission from drained peatlands in Southeast Asia. Biogeosiences 7 (5): 1505-1514. 10.5194/bg-7-1505-2010Logo_TM.png

Hughes, R.F., J.B. Kauffman, and V.J. Jaramillo. 1999. Biomass, Carbon, and Nutrient Dynamics of Secondary Forest in a Humid Tropical Region of Mexico. Ecology 80 (6): 1892-1907. 10.1890/0012-9658(1999)080[1892:BCANDO]2.0.CO;2Logo_TM.png

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2006. IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. In: Eggleston H.S., Buendia L., Miwa K., Ngara T. & Tanabe K. (eds.) Published: IGES, Japan.

Istomo. 2002. Kandungan fosfor clan kalium serta penyebarannya pada tanah dan tumbuhan hutan rawa gambut (studi kasus di Wilayah Bagian Kesatuan Pemangku Hutan Bagan, Kabupaten Rokan Hilir, Riau. Disertasi Program Pasca Sarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Istomo, C. Wibowo & I.T.C. Wibisono. 2009. Plant diversity and biomass content in relation to wise use of tropical peat land. Proc. of Bogor Symposium and Workshop on Tropical Peatland Management, Wise Use of Tropical Peatland, 14-15 July 2009, Bogor: 57-66.

Jaya, A., U.J. Siregar, H. Daryono & S. Suhartana. 2007. Biomassa hutan rawa gambut tropika pada berbagai kondisi penutupan lahan. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam 4 (4): 341-352.

Kartawinata, K., I. Samsoedin, M. Heriyanto, J.J. Afriastini. 2004. A tree species inventory in a one-hectare plot at The Batang Gadis National Park, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 12 (2): 145-157.

Ketterings, Q.M., R. Coe, M. van Noordwijk, Y. Ambagau & C. A. Palm. 2001. Reducing uncertainty in the use of allometric biomass equation for predicting above-ground tree biomass in mixed secondary forest. Forest Ecology and Management 146 (1-3): 199-209. 10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00460-6Logo_TM.png

Murdiyarso, D., U. Rosalina, K. Hairiah, L. Muslihat, IN.N. Suryadiputra & A. Jaya. 2004. Petunjuk lapangan, pendugaan cadangan karbon pada lahan gambut. Wetlands International, Bogor.

Muslihat, L., D.S. Rais, F. Hasudungan & I.T.C. Wibisono. 2009. Kajian biofisika lahan gambut (luas, ketebalan, topografi, biodiversity, vegetasi, dan stok karbon) di lokasi kerja PT. Persada Dinamika Lestari (anak perusahaan PT Astra Agro Lestari) di Kabupaten Hulu Sungai Utara-Kalimantan Selatan. Laporan Teknis. Wetlands International Indonesia Programme, Bogor.

PT National Sago Prima. 2010. Rencana Kerja Usaha Pemanfaatan Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu Hutan Tanaman Industri (Sagu) Jangka Waktu 10 (sepuluh) Tahun Periode Tahun 2010 s/d 2019. Keputusan Menteri Kehutanan No. SK.353/Menhutt-11/2008 Tanggal 24 September 2008 jo No. SK.380/Menhut¬11/2009 Tanggal 25 Juni 2009. Kabupaten Kepulauan Meranti, Provinsi Riau.

Rochmayanto, Y., D. Darusman, & T. Rusolono. 2010. Perubahan kandungan karbon dan nilai ekonominya pada konversi hutan rawa gambut menjadi hutan tanaman industri pulp. Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman, 7(2): 93-106.

Schmidt, F.H. & J.H.A. Ferguson. 1951. Rainfall types based on wet and dry period ratios for Indonesia. Verhandelingen No. 42. Djawatan Meteorologi dan Geofisika, Djakarta.

Siegert, F. & J. Jaenicke. 2008. Estimation of carbon storage in Indonesian peatlands. Dalam Rieley, 10., C.J. Banks & S.E. (eds). 2008. Future of Tropical Peatlands in Southeast as Carbon Pool and Sink: Paper Presented at the Special Session on Tropical Peatlands at the 13th International Peat Congress, Tullamore, June 2008, Ireland:15-19.

Simbolon, H. & E. Mirmanto. 1999. Checklist of plant species in the peat swamp forest of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.. Dalam Iwakuma T, T. Inoue, T. Kohyama, M. Osaki, H. Simbolon, H. Tachibana, H. Takahashi, N. Tanaka & K. Yabe (eds). 2000. Proc. of the International Symposium Tropical Peat land, 22-23 November 1999. Bogor: 179-190.

Siregar U. J. 2009. Estimation of carbon stock in Riau peat-swampy production forest, Indonesia. Proc. of Bogor Symposium and Workshop on Tropical Peatland Management, Wise Use of Tropical Peatland, 14-15 July 2009, Bogor: 46¬51.

Suhardjo, H. & IPG Widjaja-Adhi. 1976. Chemical characteristics of the upper 30 cms of peat soil from Riau. In Proc. of a Seminar on Peat and Podsolic Soils and Their Potential for Agriculture in Indonesia, Tugu, October 1976. Soils Res. Inst., Bogor:74-92.

Sutaryo, D. 2009. Penghitungan biomassa: sebuah pengantar untuk studi karbon don perdagangan karbon. Wetlands International Indonesia Programme. Bogor.

Wahyunto, A. Dariah & A. Agus. 2010. Distribution, properties, and carbon stock of Indonesian peat land. Proc. of Int. Workshop on Evaluation and Sustainable Management of Soil Carbon Sequestration in Asian Countries 28-29 September 2010, Bogor: 187-204.

Wahyunto, S. Ritung, Suparto & H. Subagjo. 2005. Sebaran gambut don kandungan karbon di Sumatera don Kalimantan (buku 3). Wetlands International-Indonesia Programme. Bogor.

Waldes, N.J.L. and S.E. Page. 2002. Forest structure and tree diversity of a peat swamp forest in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Dalam: Rieley, J.O. & S.E. Pages (eds.). 2002. Peatlands for people: natural resource functions and sustainable management. Procceding of the International Jakarta Symposium on Peatland, Jakarta, 22-23 Agustus 2001. BBPT & Indonesian Peat Association, Jakarta: 16-22.

Whitmore, T. C. .1984. Tropical rain forest of the Far East. Second Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Wibowo, H. 1995. Studi struktur tegakan don komposisi jenis pohon pada hutan rawa gambut PT. National Timber and Forest Product I, Riau. Skripsi Jurusan Manajemen Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor: vii+70 hlm.

http://www.worldagroforestry.org/Sea/Products/AF Dbases/wd/. Wood density database. Diunduh bulan Agustus tahun 2012.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14203/bkr.v16i2.35

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2013 Buletin Kebun Raya

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

Indexing Partners


    agora-journals.fao.org INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ORGANIZED RESEARCH (I2OR)ROAD DIRECTORYPKP INDEX
 
Jurnal Buletin Kebun Raya

Diterbitkan oleh (published by):
Pusat Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya (Center For Plant Conservation Botanic Gardens)
Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (The Indonesian Institute of Sciences)
Alamat (address) : Pusat Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya-LIPI Jl. Ir. H. Juanda 13, Bogor 16003
Telepon (Phone) : (0251) 8322187
Email : buletin.pktkr.lipi@gmail.com
Website : http://krbogor.lipi.go.id

pISSN: 0125-961X

eISSN: 2460-1519